Health and Fitness3 Major Issues a Premature Child Face and How Stem Cell Banking Benefits Them

AdminOctober 4, 20191209 min

Preserving your baby’s stem cells at the time of birth gives them the best possible chance to overcome certain serious health problems, especially if they are born prematurely.

As we all know that babies who arrive prematurely are more likely to face long-term health complications. This majorly includes conditions that can affect their brain, lungs and vision.

Let’s take a closer look at the three health issues a premature child may face and how stem cell banking benefits them.

Cerebral Palsy

It is a neurological condition that affects the brain and causes a lack of full control over the physical movement.

Premature babies are at higher risk of developing cerebral palsy than a full-term baby.

However, cerebral palsy might not be evident immediately after birth because the voluntary control centres of the brain don’t function in the first few months of life. Symptoms like difficulty in sitting up, being unsteady, or not being able to grasp or hold things may start appearing after a few months of birth.

The symptoms can vary from one baby to another. It could just affect one side of the body, or only legs and not the arms, or all four limbs and the trunk. It can include difficulty in:

  • Walking
  • Balancing
  • Speech
  • Eating
  • Swallowing
  • Co-ordination of the eye movements

How can stem cell therapy combat cerebral palsy?

According to the ongoing research, stem cell present in cord blood helps in treating cerebral palsy by enhancing the repair mechanisms of the body. These cells move to the damaged areas in the brain and replace the dead or impaired cells.

Under-developed Lungs

The bodies of premature babies haven’t had the chance to develop completely, which can often lead complications such as:

Breathing problems

Newborn respiratory distress syndrome occurs when a baby’s lungs aren’t fully developed, where it can’t provide enough oxygen; this results in breathing difficulties.

In fully grown baby, the small, air-exchanging sacs present in their lungs are coated by a soap-like material. In most cases, premature babies are unable to produce enough of this substance and are unable to open their lungs fully to breathe.

Chronic lung disease

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a chronic lung disease that can lead to fluid collecting in the lungs, scarring and lung damage. Some babies can even develop asthma-like symptoms.

How can stem cell therapy help under-developed lungs?

Fortunately, your baby’s umbilical cord is a rich source of specific kind of stem cells (MSCs) that are known for their superior healing qualities. They are there and are ready to help.

Over the past decade, studies have shown the potential of stem cells for repairing lung tissues. Also, there have been researches that are concentrated on how these cord blood cells can restore the structure of the lung and treat acute lung injuries.

Eye Problems

Retinopathy of prematurity usually occurs when a baby is born too early for all the processes of normal eye function to develop properly.

The eye retina needs a constant supply of blood to provide oxygen. The vessels that supply this blood typically develop between the 16 and 36 weeks of pregnancy.

In a premature baby, the development of these blood vessels remains incomplete due to which areas on the retina don’t receive sufficient oxygen.

This triggers the production of chemicals for producing new blood vessels that are fragile and can leak blood leading to scarring. This pulls the retina out of position that affects your baby’s ability to see properly.

How can stem cell therapy help eye problems?

Studies have shown that cord blood stem cells not only regenerate or replace the damaged cells but also promote the repairing of the eye.

Also, these stem cells have the bonus ability to change nearby cells which promotes the formation of normal, healthy blood vessels and capillaries.

Final Word

When a baby arrives premature, it can throw your world upside down. But whatever health challenges you and your baby may face, the benefits that come with stem cell banking provides an invaluable resource which helps you to overcome them.

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