Health and FitnessCommon Sports Injuries: Causes, Risk Factors and Treatment

AdminOctober 23, 2018379 min

Whether you are a weekend warrior or a highly-trained athlete, it’s common to sustain injuries. The most common injuries are ankle injuries, lower back pain sports injury, shoulder pain without injuries, etc. When such injuries in sports happen, it’s hard to figure out what part is really injured or where to get the right treatment for it.

If you’re wondering what cause spots injury, what are their factors, what to do after you hit the court, this article is worth a read. Continue reading to be aware of the most common causes, factors, types of sports injuries, ranging from the least common to the most common ones.

What causes sports injury

There are many causes of sports injury. The chances of injuries increase when you are not properly ready to play sport. The most common causes include the following:

  • Improper warming up
  • No rest while working out
  • Repetitive training on hard surfaces
  • No stretching the muscles before playing
  • Improper footwear while exercising

Risk Factors

Lower back pain in sports injury, shoulder pain without injury, ankle injuries in sports are some of the most common injuries that happen in sports. Risk factors of the injury include flat feet, diabetes, genetic, increased age, bone spurs, obesity, smoking, live disease, thyroid issues, and alcoholism.

Common Sports Injuries

There are different types of sports injuries you can happen to receive if you are a spots person. The most common ones along with their treatment options have been mentioned blow.

Muscle tear

Muscle strain, muscle tear, muscle pull or even a muscle tear refers to damage to a muscle or its attached tendons.  It happens when your muscles get torn or overstretched. Muscle strain can occur due to overuse, fatigue, or improper use a muscle. While it can affect muscle on any part of your body, lower back, shoulder, hamstring (muscle behind your thighs), neck, are the most common areas. This results into lower back pain, neck pain, or shoulder pain in sports. You can treat mild or moderate shoulder pain without injury effectively at home with heat, ice, and anti-inflammatory medications.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tear or sprain is one of the most common knee injuries sports persons receive. Athletes who participate in sports like basketball and football are more likely to witness ACL tear. Unfortunately if you have injured your anterior cruciate ligament, you might need to go under a surgery for regaining full function of your knees. But surgery depends on the harshness of your injury and your activity level. If physiotherapy can’t help treat it, then surgery is the last option.

Plantar Fasciitis

If you are having pain in the bottom of your heel, this may be due to plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a thick, web like ligament. Its role includes bridging gap between your heel and front of your foot. It also supports the arch of your foot, letting you walk properly. Common symptoms include swollen feet, stiffness, redness, flat feet, heel pain, and sensitivity.

Plantar fasciitis is among the most common orthopedic problems. It generally happens when your plantar fascia ligaments (it acts as shock absorbers) face a lot of wear and tear in your daily lifestyle. When you exert too much pressure on your feet, it can lead to even damage or tear the ligaments. Coming to the treatments available for plantar fasciitis are stretching exercises, physiotherapy, steroid injections and even a surgery.

Ankle Sprain

An ankle sprain is a type of ankle injuries in sports that occurs in the tough bands of tissues – the tissues that surround and connect the bones of the leg to the foot.  The problem of ankle sprain usually happens when you accidentally turn or twist your ankle in an uncooperative way. It can lead to stretching or tearing the ligament that holds your ankle bones and joints together. RICE (rest, ice, compression, and then elevation) is an effective treatment option.

Iliotibial band syndrome

Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) is a very painful condition. In it, the connective tissues rub against the thighbones. Distance runners in particular are more prone to be affected by it. This problem occurs when the iliotibial band becomes tight or inflamed. The IT band contains a thick band of connective tissue that runs from outside of your hip to the outside of the knee. It helps strengthen and move the knee joint.

IT band syndrome can happen due to any activity that causes the leg to turn inwards repeatedly. When your IT band does not work properly, you will have problem in running. Your movement becomes turns to be painful. The lower back pain can run from bad to worse and can be severe enough to completely sideline you for weeks or even more. The initial treatments to get rid of ITBS are ice, rest, compression, and elevation, which is known as RICE.

If you or any one in your family, including children, experience any of the sports-related injuries, contact a trusted sport & spine physical therapy center for the treatment or the problem may deteriorate day by day.


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