Congenital heart disease is a heart abnormality present at birth. The defect has one or more abnormalities in your heart’s structure that you’re born with. CHD is the most common type of birth defect.
The Defect can be affected:
1. The Heart walls
2. The Heart Valves
3. The Blood vessels
4. The Arteries and veins near the heart
This problem can disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart. The blood flow can slow down, go in the wrong direction or to the wrong place, or be blocked completely. There are various types of congenital heart defects. Defects range from simple to complex, simple defect might cause no problems, the complex defect can cause life-threatening complications.
Detecting Congenital Herat Disease
Techniques like echocardiogram and fetal ultrasound can show any abnormalities in the fetus heart, before the child’s birth. Dr. Suresh Rao says- ” The best time to detect is between 16 to 18 weeks of pregnancy. After a child is born doctor can detect the CHD by listening to the murmur using a stethoscope. Depending on the abnormal heart bites further, diagnosis can be made. The doctor may ask to perform some test such as an Electrocardiogram, Echocardiogram or a Chest X-Ray.
Congenital Heart Disease Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of CHD in new-borns include.
1. Rapid breathing
2. Cyanosis – babies skin become bluish near lips, and fingernails
4. Poor blood circulation
5. Poor weight gain
6. Lung infections
Much congenital heart defect shows few or no sign or symptoms. They are often not diagnosed until the child is old.
Types of Congenital Heart Disease
1. Aortic stenosis
2. Atrial septal defect (ASD)
3. Coarctation of the aorta (COA)
4. Ebstein anomaly
5. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
6. Patent foramen ovale (PFO)
7. Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)
8. Truncus arteriosus
9. Ventricular septal defect (VSD)
Related Post – Q&A on ASD and VSD with Dr. Suresh Rao
Congenital heart disease occurs as a result of an early development problem in the heart structure. The defect typically interferes with the normal flow of blood through the heart, which may affect breathing.
1. Rubella (German measles)
If a mother has had rubella while pregnant could have affected your heart development.
If a mother having type 1 or type 2 diabetes might have interfered with the development of babies’ heart. Gestational diabetes generally doesn’t increase the risk of heart defect. (Gestational diabetes is a condition where a woman without diabetes develops high blood sugar levels during pregnancy)
Congenital heart disease appears to run in families and is associated with many genetic syndromes. children with the down syndrome often get heart defects.
Taking certain prescription drugs during pregnancy can cause congenital heart and other birth defects.
5. Smoking or Alcohol
Using alcohol or illegal drugs during pregnancy can increase a child’s risk of having a heart defect.
Connect with top Doctors and Hospitals in India
What causes congenital heart disease?
congenital heart disease caused by abnormal formation of the heart during fetal development. In most cases when a baby is born with the congenital heart disease there is no reason for it. Doctors don’t always know why a baby has a congenital heart defect.
The scientist knows that sometimes congenital heart defect can be related to an abnormality in the number of an infant’s chromosomes such as Down syndrome, genes defect or environmental factors. In most cases, there is no identifiable cause for the heart defect, and they generally considered to be caused by inheritance.
How is Congenital Heart Disease Treated?
The treatment of CHD depends on the type and severity of the defect. Some babies have a mild heart defect and they can cure by their own, whereas others may have severed defect that requires extensive treatment. your baby may need medications, surgery, or other procedures, you will need to see a heart specialist on a regular basis.
There are various medications that can help the heart work more efficiently.
Some of the complication associated with a congenital heart defect can prevent with using certain devices. Dr. Suresh Rao says-” This treatment is called closure of device. For this treatment, we required a certain prerequisite and that should be assisted by a cardiologist before we proceed a device Closure”.
Catheter Procedure doctor repairs certain congenital heart defects without surgically opening the chest and heart. During this process, the doctor will insert a catheter (thin tube) into a vein in the leg and will guide it up to the heart. to correct the defect doctor will use small tools threaded through the catheter.
Open Heart surgery is required when the Catheter procedure is not enough to repair the heart defect. Dr. Suresh Rao from Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani says” in today’s practice open heart surgery gives 100% success rate. Once the surgery is done the child is a cured for the lifetime. They can live a normal life, can take part in sports, girls can become a mother. There is no side effect of this surgery”.
Best Hospitals for Congenital Heart Disease in India
1. Fortis Escorts, Delhi
Fortis Escorts Heart Institute has set benchmarks in cardiac care with Paediatric path breaking work over the past 30 years. Today, it is recognised world over as a centre of excellence providing the latest technology in Cardiac Bypass Surgery, Interventional Cardiology, Non-invasive Cardiology, Paediatric Cardiology and Paediatric Cardiac Surgery.
Currently, more than 200 cardiac doctors and 1600 employees work together to manage over 14,500 admissions and 7,200 emergency cases in a year. The hospital today has an infrastructure comprising of around 285 beds (it currently enjoys a 100% occupancy rate), 5 Cath Labs besides a host of other world-class facilities.
2. Global Hospital, Chennai
In India, Gleneagles Global Hospitals operates a chain of multi-super specialty hospitals offering tertiary and quaternary healthcare services with over 2,000 beds and state-of the-art, world-class hospitals in Hyderabad, Chennai, Bangalore and Mumbai.
A pioneer in kidney, liver, heart and lung transplants, Gleneagles Global Hospitals provides comprehensive multi-organ transplant services in the country.
Related Post – VSD Symptoms every parent should know
3. Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai
Kokilaben is the only hospital in Mumbai with Full Time Specialist System (FTSS) ensuring easy availability and access to dedicated specialists exclusively attached to Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital. First in India to have a 3-room Intra-operative MRI Suite (IMRIS), a diagnostic and imaging solution where the patient is never moved. Novalis TX at Kokilaben Hospital is among the world’s first whole radiosurgery systems for indications in the brain, liver, pancreas, prostate and lung.
4. SRCC Hospital, Mumbai
Narayana Health is headquartered in Bengaluru, India, and operates a network of hospitals across the country, with a particularly strong presence in the southern state of Karnataka and eastern India, as well as an emerging presence in northern, western and central India.
Our centres provide advanced levels of care in over 30 specialties, including Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, Cancer Care, Neurology and Neurosurgery, Orthopaedics, Nephrology and Urology, and Gastroenterology.
5. Artemis Hospital, Delhi.
Artemis Hospital, established in 2007, spread across 9 acres, is a 400 plus bed; state-of-the-art multi-speciality hospital located in Gurgaon, India. Artemis Hospital is the first JCI and NABH accredited hospital in Gurgaon.
Artemis has put modern technology in the hands of renowned from across the country and abroad to set new standards in healthcare. The medical practices and procedures followed in the hospital are research oriented and benchmarked against the best in the world. Top-notch services, in a warm, open centric environment, clubbed with affordability, has made us one of the most revered hospitals in the country.