Heart Arrhythmia: Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment

Heart Arrhythmia is related to the rate of your heartbeat. This complication arises when the rate of your heartbeat is too fast, too slow or irregular. Various factors like Coronary Heart disease, genetic defects, etc are responsible for this condition. Visit the BLK hospital in Delhi to learn more about the risks. The major causes include:

  • High blood pressure- Hypertension can increase the load of the heart thus, slowing the heart rate.
  • A heart attack- A heart attack can slow down the functions of the heart and cause bradycardia.
  • Sleep apnoea- During apnoea the oxygen levels in your body drop. This leads to an increase in blood pressure which can cause arrhythmia.
  • Blocked arteries in your heart- Blocked arteries can make it difficult for the blood to pass and reach the heart. Due to the lack of blood, the heart rate will slow down.
  • Drinking too much caffeine or alcohol- Alcohol and caffeine have always imposed great risks on the heart. Regular consumption of alcohol can cause an increase in blood pressure which in turn affects the heart rate.
  • Overactive and underactive thyroid gland- When the thyroid releases too much or less hormone it can either quicken or slow down the heart rate respectively.

Arrhythmia can easily be confused with other heart disorders as the symptoms are more or less common. Only through various tests like Electrocardiogram can it be diagnosed. When the easy rate is too slow, the condition is called bradycardia. When the heart rate is too fast the condition is called tachycardia.

Developing this condition can be avoided using the following preventive measures:

  • Exercise regularly- Regularly exercising for 30 mins can help manage your weight and also decrease the cholesterol levels in your body.
  • Limit alcohol intake- Alcohol is the major cause of heart diseases. Limit your alcohol intake to one or two glasses a day to avoid the risk of arrhythmia.
  • Healthy lifestyle- Obesity is a leading cause of heart disease. Maintain a healthy lifestyle by eating fiber-rich foods, exercising daily and through meditation which can help relieve stress.

Treatment:

Treatment may or may not be necessary depending on the severity of the condition. The various treatment procedures that can be employed are:

  1. Medications – Blood thinners or medications to control the blood pressure may be prescribed by the doctor to avoid blood clots from forming.
  2. Pacemaker- A Pacemaker is a small device which is implanted in the chest of the person. This device sends electrical impulses to the heart and ensures its beating regularly. Visit the BLK Hospital in Delhi to learn more about it.
  3. Vagal maneuvers- Vagal Manoeuvres are techniques used to decelerate the heartbeat. Techniques like holding your breath, dunking face in cold water, coughing, etc stimulate the vagus nerve. Once this nerve is stimulated it sends signals to slow down the heart rate.
  4. Cardioversion- In cardioversion, the doctor sends electric impulses to the heart. They use patches or paddles which are placed on the chest and pass electric current from them. The impulse helps restore normal beating of the heart.
  5. Coronary bypass surgery- A bypass surgery is done when an artery is obstructed and doesn’t allow the blood to flow smoothly. Coronary bypass surgery will help restore normal blood flow and decrease blood pressure. Thus, it decreases the load on the heart and ensures a rhythmic heart rate.

Your heart is one of the most important parts of your body. It’s necessary to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle to ensure your heart’s proper functioning.

For further queries, book an appointment with a heart specialist at the BLK Hospital in Delhi.

 

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