Some diseases that affect the gum end up manifesting throughout the oral region. Therefore, taking care of the health of the mouth should be on the daily priority list.
In this article, learn about the main gum-related diseases. Symptoms, emergence and the best forms of treatment:
Know the top gum disease:
Although it has a popular name, gingivitis has many features that are not popular knowledge. It is at these times that the disease is ignored and can take on major proportions.
In short, one of the diseases that affect the gum, gingivitis, begins in an inflammation. These are toxins released by plaque that accumulates in the teeth and cause redness, swelling, and bleeding in the gums.
It is a more advanced case of gingivitis when ignored and untreated. However, the effects are now more severe. The process repeats as the released toxins also cause irritation and inflammation. Then the tissues become fragile and separate from the teeth. In these spaces created between teeth and tissues, bacteria find possibilities for proliferation. Consequently, bacteria reach the bloodstream and enter the body.
Causes of gum diseases:
The most common cause of gum diseases is poor oral hygiene, which allows plaque to accumulate in the teeth and gums. Other possible causes are malocclusion, tartar, tooth decay, lack of restorations, low saliva production, cigarette smoking, certain medications and exposure to heavy metals, e.g. lead and bismuth.
Hormonal changes that occur at puberty, during menstruation, during pregnancy, and at menopause probably explain the episodes of gingivitis that occur in these stages of life and, therefore, require special and redoubled dental care and oral care.
Gingivitis may also be a manifestation associated with diseases such as cold sores, diabetes, epilepsy, AIDS, leukemia, or an allergic reaction.
Studies show that gingivitis and periodontitis are related to genetic factors. When this type of condition is diagnosed by family history, attention to oral hygiene care should be intensified.
The diseases that affect the gums have alarming consequences, but they provide several signs that are spreading. The normal state of the gum is pink and even, any change in color may already indicate that something is wrong. In addition, bleeding at varying intensities and gum retraction are two possibilities.
Other possible symptoms: Swelling, bad breath and ulcer. The former leaves what was once a firm region with a swollen texture. As with other parts of the body, this swelling points to problems in the region. Ulcerations (wounds) and bad breath may indicate the presence of diseases that affect the gums. Also, during the process, the teeth are affected and may become soft. If you are suffering from any of such diseases, it is advisable to consult your nearest dentist and know about tooth feeling cost in India.
Without proper care, gum diseases can progress to periodontitis. It is a more severe form of the disease that compromises all the tissues around the tooth that support it, causes bone resorption, gum retraction, and softening and also tooth loss.
In these cases, the inflammation of the gum progresses and certain substances present in saliva attach to the plaque, intensifying the inflammatory process and creating favorable conditions for the formation of the periodontal pocket. That removes the gums from the teeth, favors bacterial contamination and development of tartar.
Treatment begins with good oral hygiene practices indoors. Brushing teeth at the right times, flossing, reducing consumption of sugary foods, alcohol, and cigarettes.
In line with this daily and non-transferable care is a visit to an oral health professional. A trusted dentist who will identify possible diseases that affect your gum or even eliminate the chances of it developing.
Tooth filling is also one of the treatments to deal with gum diseases. To know about tooth filling cost, you can ask to your dentist.
How to manage gum disease?
Initial episodes of gum disease may regress as long as brushing follows a well-oriented technique and flossing is constant. In other cases, the treatment is aimed at controlling the infection and removing the tartar, i.e. the hardened plaque that separates the gums from the teeth.
For this purpose, scraping above and below the gum contour is done with specific instruments, using ultrasound or applying a spray with a liquid composed of some salts.
This scraping is followed by straightening the root and polishing the teeth to eliminate outbreaks of infection. Prescribing antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs may be an important therapeutic resource in some cases.
Periodontal surgery may be necessary when these therapeutic interventions do not have the desired effects. Consult your dentist ask for dental filling cost.