Altitude sickness can be detected by several symptoms that may happen to your body when they are exposed to a higher altitude for a short span of time. You will be facing these problems while traveling to hilly areas or either climbing or trekking. When your body is transported at a higher elevation that too quickly you have altitude sickness. They are also known as “mountain sickness”. The higher you move your body goes through a change in oxygen levels and also experiences the lowering of air pressure. As a result, your body cannot take this rapid change within a short time, but it adjusts gradually with time
Usually, we stay in an environment, where the pressure of the air surrounding you is called the barometric pressure. But as you go higher in terms of altitude the air pressure decreases with a decrease in oxygen levels. So people living there for a longer period of time for years, their body gets accustomed to that air pressure, but when people from lower altitude suddenly go through a rapid change, their body takes time to adjust at that low level of oxygen and causes altitude sickness, your body needs time to adjust. You can get any medicine online using 1Mg Offers with great deals.
Remember any time you are above 8000 ft high, you are at risk of having altitude sickness.
Types of Altitude Sickness
The altitude sickness has been categorized into three types:
Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) – This is the most common and the milder form of all. Most of the people get these symptoms while going to hilly areas. The symptoms can be like feeling dizzy, muscle cramp, nausea, headache – a hangover feeling.
High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE) – This situation leads to building up of fluid inside the lungs. They can be very dangerous at times and even life-threatening.
High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) – This condition is very critical and the most severe form that one may experience. In such a case, the fluid gets accumulated in the brain and is also life-threatening. You need medical attention right away.
As we have already discussed the causes and types, let us know the symptoms, so that you may treat at an early stage:
You may notice the symptoms within a few hours of traveling to a higher altitude, but you eventually get better within a day or two as your body starts adjusting with time, and you feel better within a day or two with the change of altitude. You may experience
- Loss of energy
- Sleep disorder
- Loss of appetite
For more severe cases, your symptoms can be more intense and need medical attention. Rather than healing with time, they get worse, without any signs of improvement. You will feel more tired and breathless. Along with the above symptoms, you may also experience
- Loss of coordination with your body and face trouble in walking
- A severe headache that shows no improvement even with medication
- Chest tightening
All the above symptoms are the form of HAPE or HACE and may lead to coma.
Stay Hydrated –
Your body gets easily dehydrated at higher altitudes. Dehydration increases your fatigue and feels you at loss of energy. Your body’s requirement for fluid increases and a minimum of 4 liters of water is recommended. Your lungs also lose water at a colder and dry temperature. Sweat adds water loss. You can always add a teaspoon of salt to add the necessary electrolyte. You can also add honey and sugar, or squeeze lemon to one-quarter of water.
Eat enough carbohydrates
Carbohydrates provide you with the main source of energy at higher altitude. It replaces your muscle from being used as a primary source of energy and you also require less amount of oxygen for metabolism. A high carbohydrate-rich diet can improve your performance by increasing the glycogen level in your muscles. Though high-fat foods are energy-dense they are altitude intolerant. Though if you consume a high-fat diet, balance it with higher carbs as well. You can apply for Health Educator Jobs in various sectors.
Limit your alcohol consumption –
A chilled beer sounds so fascinating and refreshing at higher altitude. After a full hectic day of skiing, we all crave for a pint of wine. But alcohol leads dehydration and enhances the impact of your symptoms being at high altitude.
There is no need to take extra vitamins than your daily need, but still, an intake of a multivitamin is recommended on a daily basis as you move to a higher altitude.
Free radical damage to cells gets increased at a higher altitude due to anaerobic metabolism. The natural protective antioxidants are naturally produced by our body, but these levels get depleted while moving into higher altitude. While trained athletes are less prone to depletion as they produce more natural antioxidants.