Around 40% of all mammal species are rodents, and that makes them the largest order of mammals. Not just rats and mice, but also hamsters, squirrels, porcupines, and their relatives belong to this order.While there are many, many rodents all over the world, only a few of them – particularly rats and mice – are disruptive for people and may even pose a serious health risk. If you think you have rodents on your property, get in touch with a professional rodent removal company in Phoenix. To find out what you can do about them on your own – read on!
Rats and mice are the most common culprits, and are found in many homes and businesses across the country. They have a propensity to gnaw holes along our walls to use as entry and exit points, and often chew wiring, which can mean costly damage, or even a fire hazard. When you have rats on your property, expect many gnawed or chewed items or objects as rats must continuously wear down their teeth.
Pack rats are some of the most common rats you’ll find in American homes. They’re called as such, because they like hoarding stuff. Shiny, metal objects, edible plants, small pebbles, sticks, and other various debris can be found inside a pack rat nest. Some items are useful, such as edible plants to eat as snacks when the rat gets hungry, but others are purely decorative.
Pack rats like small, shiny objects – so if you’re missing an earring and you think you have rats in your home, you may just find the earring hidden away in their nest!
These rats range in color from gray to reddish brown, and white to rust-colored under parts. They’re also called woodrats, and some of these rats that dwell in deserts may be black in color. They’re also commonly mistaken for Norway rats.
Roof rats are usually black or dark brown in color, with a lighter underside. They’re called roof rats because they typically nest in the higher points of a structure, such as attics. That doesn’t mean that you won’t find them in basements, but they definitely have a preference.
Similar to pack rats, roof rats can hoard snacks and meals in their nests, for later consumption. Some of these edible items can be leftover dog or cat food or food provided for another animal, seeds, fruits, or fungi. They also eat a variety of invertebrates and vertebrates.
Diseases They Can Spread
Rats and mice are known for spreading some serious diseases like leptospirosis, typhus, salmonellosis, rat-bite fever, hantavirus, Lyme disease, or lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM). Deer mice may also carry the plague.
You can get these diseases from direct contact with a rat or mouse, or by contact from a contaminated surface. You can also ingest contaminated food and water, or breathe in dust particles contaminated by their droppings or urine.
Signs Of Rodents
Some of the most telling signs you have rats and mice in your home would be the droppings and urine they leave behind.
You may also hear scampering noises behind walls, or see small, gnawed holes along it – these are used by rats and mice to get in and around your home easier. They have to constantly wear their teeth down, so expect to see many gnawed items, such as wiring.
What You Can Do
Seal cracks and crevices along walls and flooring, and repair any damaged screens. If you don’t have screens, strongly consider installing them to keep rats, mice, and many other pests from using your windows as easy access points into your home. Also consider weather stripping for closing gaps on windows and doors.
Roof rats are excellent climbers, and may be able to access your home from a tree branch that is touching your house or roof. Make sure to cut away any tree branches touching your home, and keep shrubs and other plants trimmed for the same reason (for smaller pests).
Make sure to use sturdy, lidded trash receptacles outside your home so rats, mice, and other pests can’t easily open them to find food inside.
If you need help, don’t hesitate to get in touch with a professional to take care of the problem for you!